How Fatty Acids Can Improve Your Skin's Health and Appearance: – Keya Seth Aromatherapy

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How Fatty Acids Can Improve Your Skin's Health and Appearance:

Are you looking for a natural way to improve your skin's health and appearance? Look no further than fatty acids! These powerful substances benefit your overall health and work wonders for your skin. Dietary and topical supplementation with Essential Fatty Acids can profoundly affect the skin's fatty acid compositionFatty acids are essential for maintaining healthy cell membranes, which act as a barrier to protect the skin from external damage. They also play a crucial role in maintaining the skin's moisture balance, preventing dryness, and promoting a more supple and youthful appearance.
This article will explore how incorporating fatty acids into your skincare routine can help you achieve a glowing complexion. 

Definition and Types of Fatty Acids

Fatty acids are carboxylic acids with a long aliphatic chain, which can be either saturated or unsaturated. They are key components of our body's lipids (fats) and play crucial roles in various bodily functions. If the carbon-to-carbon bonds are all single, the acid is saturated; if any bonds are double or triple, the acid is unsaturated and more reactive. Fatty acids are not found in a free state in nature; commonly, they exist in combination with glycerol (alcohol) in the form of triglyceride.  (Britannica, 2023)
The main types of fatty acids are:
Saturated Fatty Acids: Solid at room temperature, commonly found in animal fats, milk, and plant oils.
Unsaturated Fatty Acids: Liquid at room temperature and are further divided into monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, found in nuts, seeds, and fish.
Trans Fatty Acids: Typically produced through industrial processes and known for their adverse health effects. 

Importance of Omega-3 and Omega-6 Fatty Acids

Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids play a crucial role in maintaining healthy skin. These help to strengthen the skin's barrier function, preventing moisture loss and protecting against environmental damage. Omega 3 and omega 6 are “essential fatty acids,” meaning the body cannot synthesize them. Instead, we must include them in our diet or supplements to meet our body’s demands. (Asif, 2011) Omega-3s, found in fatty fish and flaxseeds, are known for their anti-inflammatory properties, while Omega-6s, present in vegetable oils and nuts, are vital for skin barrier function.

Fatty Acids and Skin Health

Fatty acids are essential for maintaining healthy cell membranes, which act as a barrier to protect the skin from external damage. They also play a crucial role in maintaining the skin's moisture balance, preventing dryness, and promoting a more supple and youthful appearance. But that's not all – research suggests that certain fatty acids, such as omega-3s and omega-6s, have anti-inflammatory properties that can help soothe irritated skin, atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, reduce redness, and acne. (Anamaria Balić, 2020)
Regarding skincare, three main types of fatty acids are particularly beneficial for the skin: omega-3, omega-6, and omega-9. These fatty acids offer unique advantages and can address specific skin concerns.
Topical supplementation with essential fatty acids can profoundly affect the skin's fatty acid composition. They are adding basic fatty acids-rich different types of seed butter & vegetable oils that can reduce the inflammatory response in the skin's dermal and epidermal layers. Supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids gives protection from photodamage and photoaging. There is evidence that Omega-3 supplementation heals wounds, but further research is necessary. Omega-6 fatty acids are required for skin barrier function and structural integrity and reduce skin sensitivity symptoms and inflammatory skin disorders.  (Angelo, 2012) Omega-9 fatty acids help relieve severe skin inflammation and aid in wound healing. (Mohamed A. Farag, 2022 ) Olive or Avocado Oil can incorporate Omega-9 fatty acids into your skincare routine. These Oils can be applied topically to the skin or used as ingredients in homemade skincare products.

Dietary Sources and Supplements

A balanced diet is vital to ensuring adequate intake of essential fatty acids. Two essential fatty acids (EFA) classes are Omega-6 and Omega-3. Omega-6 fatty acids are represented by linoleic acid (LA), and omega-3 fatty acids by alpha-linolenic acid (ALA). Linoleic acid is easily found in most plants’ seeds except for coconut, cocoa, and palm. On the other hand, Alpha-linolenic acid is in the chloroplasts of green leafy vegetables and the seeds of flax, rape, chia, perilla, and walnuts. (Simopoulos, 2016 )

Omega-3s are found naturally in some foods, including the following:

  • Fish and other seafood (especially cold-water fatty fish, such as salmon, mackerel, tuna, herring, and sardines)
  • Nuts and seeds (such as flaxseed, chia seeds, and walnuts)
  • Plant oils (such as flaxseed oil, soybean oil, and canola oil)
  • Fortified foods (such as certain brands of eggs, yogurt, juices, milk, soy beverages, and infant formulas) (Supplement, 2022)

Omega-6 is found naturally in the following foods:

  • Sunflower oil
  • Grapeseed oil
  • Pine nuts
  • Corn oil
  • Walnuts
  • Walnut oil
  • Cottonseed oil
  • Soyabean oil
  • Mayonnaise
  • Almonds
  • Sunflower seeds
  • Canola oil
  • Tofu
  • Egg yolk
  • Vegetable shortening

Role of Supplements:

Supplements can be a beneficial alternative for individuals unable to get enough fatty acids from their diet. Fish Oil capsules and Flaxseed Oil are popular options. However, consulting a healthcare provider before starting any supplement regimen is essential.

Fatty acids in skin care products and their effectiveness:

Benefits of Topical Fatty Acids: 

Skincare products that contain fatty acids can offer numerous benefits to your skin. When applied topically, these products help to replenish the skin's natural lipid barrier, keeping it moisturized and protected. Fatty acids also have emollient properties, which means they can soften and soothe the skin, making it look and feel smoother. 
When choosing skincare products with fatty acids, it's essential to consider the concentration and formulation. Look for products that list fatty acids, such as omega-3, omega-6, or omega-9, as active ingredients. Additionally, opt for products free from harsh chemicals and fragrances, as these can irritate the skin. 
Different Plant Oils and Butter, like Shea butter, Jojoba Oil, Coconut Oil, and Olive Oil, can have varying effects on the skin based on their composition and the specific skin issues they address. Shea butter is extracted from the kernels of the sheu tree (Vitellaria paradoxa). Shea butter comprises triglycerides with oleic, stearic, linoleic, and palmitic fatty acids and unsaponifiable compounds. Shea butter is frequently used in the cosmetic industry due to its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. (Tzu-Kai Lin, 2017 ) 
Coconut contains many Fatty acids, including lauric acid, palmitic acid, capric acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid, etc. Topical coconut oil protects skin barrier function and from UV radiation. It helps cure dryness and boost collagen synthesis.  (Tzu-Kai Lin, 2017 ) 
Olive oil consists mainly of oleic acid, with smaller quantities of other fatty acids such as linoleic and palmitic. It is excellent for its anti-inflammatory properties.  (Tzu-Kai Lin, 2017 ) 
Jojoba oil has a proven anti-inflammatory effect, with potential uses in various skin conditions, including skin infections and aging. It protects skin barrier function and is excellent for dermatitis, eczema, and acne.  (Tzu-Kai Lin, 2017 ) 
Many skincare products contain fatty acids, including moisturizers, serums, body butter, and oils. Ingredients to look for include: 
Linoleic Acid and Linolenic Acid: Found in products for acne-prone skin. 
Gamma-Linolenic Acid (GLA): Often in creams and oils for sensitive or aging skin. 

Skin Deep: The importance of incorporating fatty acids into your skincare routine

In conclusion, Fatty acids play a vital role in maintaining the health and appearance of your skin. Whether consumed through your diet or applied topically, these powerful substances can work wonders for your complexion. Choose skincare products that contain adequate concentrations of fatty acids and are free from harsh chemicals. Combining these efforts with other skin-friendly lifestyle factors allows you to achieve the glowing complexion you've always desired. 
So, why wait? Start incorporating fatty acids into your skincare routine today and experience the transformative effects on your skin's health and appearance. 


Anamaria Balić, D. V. ( 2020, January 23). Omega-3 Versus Omega-6 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in the Prevention and Treatment of Inflammatory Skin Diseases. International Journal of Molecular Science, xxi(3). doi: 

Angelo, G. (2012, February ). Essential Fatty Acids and Skin Health. Retrieved from 

Asif, M. ( 2011, March 04). Health effects of omega-3,6,9 fatty acids: Perilla frutescens is a good example of plant oils. Oriental Pharmacy & Experimental Medicine . doi: 

Britannica, T. E. ( 2023, Apr 15). Fatty Acid Chemical compound. Retrieved from 

Mohamed A. Farag, M. Z. (2022 , Mar 16). Omega-9 fatty acids: potential roles in inflammation and cancer management. Journal of Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology, 20. doi: 

Simopoulos, A. P. (2016 , Mar 2). An Increase in the Omega-6/Omega-3 Fatty Acid Ratio Increases the Risk for Obesity. Nutrients. doi:10.3390/nu8030128 

Sullivan, D. (2020, September 24). What to know about omega-6 fatty acids. Medical News Today. Retrieved from 

Supplement, N. I. (2022). Omega-3 Fatty Acids Fact Sheet for Consumers. USA: Department of Health & Human Services. Retrieved from 

Thompson, T. E. ( 2023, Apr 27). lipid biochemistry. Britannica. Retrieved from 

Tzu-Kai Lin, L. Z. (2017 , Dec 27). Anti-Inflammatory and Skin Barrier Repair Effects of Topical Application of Some Plant Oils. Int J Mol Sci. doi: 

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